ABN- Aeredrome Beacon (Airport beacon)
ACC- Area control Center or Area control
ACFT-A/C Aircraft (Aircraft)
ACN - Aircraft Classification Number
AD- A/D Aedrome (Airport)
ADF - Automatic Direction-Finding equipment
ADIZ- Air Defense Identification Zone
ADNC - Air Defense Notification Center
ADR - Advisory Route (Recommended ) path)
ADS- Ads Air Defense Sector
ADZ- Adz Advise (Recommend)
AF- - Audio Frequency
AFB- - Air Force Base (Air Base)
AFC- - Automatic Frequency Control
AFIL- - Flight Plan Filled in the Air
AFIS- - Aerodrome Flight Information Service
AFIS- - Automated Flight Inspection System AFS-
- Aeronautical Fixed Service
AFI- - After
AFTN- - Aeronautical fixed Telecommunication Network
AGA- - Aerodrome, Air Rootes and Ground aids (Airport, airlines and ground aids)
AGL- - Above Ground Level AIC-
- Aeronautical Information Circular
AIP- - Aeronautical Information Publication
AIRAC- - Aeronautical Information Regulation and control
AIS- - Aeronautical Information services
ALERFA- - Alert Phase
ALS - - Approach Light System (Approach Light System)
APRON - These are the areas reserved for the parking of aircraft, fuel supply, unloading and loading operations and maintenance of passengers, cargo, mail and cargo at an airport.
APRON OFFICER: (Airfield Operation Assistant) Airport officer who regulates the parking positions of the landing aircraft, reports the aircraft that do not comply with the rules, and physically monitors the use of the apron.
DETAILED AREAS - These are the lounges where the passengers are taken after the declaration and control process in terms of customs legislation before entering and exiting at the airports open to international flights, and where the passengers coming from abroad and going to another airport of the same country or another country without entering the customs are taken before boarding the plane and are isolated as customs
. - -alt- Altitude
ALTN- - Alternate
AOC- - Air Operation Center
AP-A/P- - Airport
APP-App- - Approach Control Office or Approach Control ( Approach Control Office or approach control)
ARP- - Aerodrome Reference Point
ARR- - Arrival
ATA- - Actual Time of Arrival
ATC- - Air Traffic Control
ATCC- - Air Traffic Control Center
ATD- - Actual Time of Departure
ATFM- - Air Traffic Flow Management
ATFMU - - Air Traffic Flow Management Unit
ATN- - Aeronautical Telecommunication Network
ATS- - Air Traffic Services
AH- - Air Warning (Alarm) )
AHACS- - Airborne Warning and Control System
AWY- - Airway
AWOS- - Automatic Weather observation System
BCSI- - Broadcast
BDRY- - Boundary
BEA- - British European Airways
TOP OF PAGE
CAA- - Civil Aviation Authority
CAT- - Category , classification)
CAVOK- - Ceiling and Visibility OK (Meteorological ceiling and visibility)
CEAC- - Committee For European Airspace Coordination (European Airspace)
CIDIN- - Common ICAO Data Interchange Network ICAO (Common information exchange network)
CIV - - Civil
CL- - Center-line
CLSD- - Closed
CNL- - Cancel or Cancelled
COM- - Communication
COMINT- - Communication Intelligence
COP- - Change-Over Point
CPL- - Current Flight
CTR- - Control Zone
CNS- - Communications, Navigation and Surveillance
CAFE BAR - Section reserved for the sale of ready-to-eat food and beverages.
CHANGE OFFICE - These are the offices where foreign exchange transactions are made.
CHARTER TERMINAL - Terminal building reserved for passengers traveling on flights other than scheduled or regular flights.
CHECK-IN - It means that airline or ground handling company officers carry out ticket, baggage transactions and checks of passengers at Airport Terminals.
CHECK-IN CLOCK - Equipped desks at the terminals where passengers check-in.
CHECK-IN ROOMS - These are the sections where check-in (entrance) counters are located collectively at the terminals.
CIP PASSENGER: An important businessman, a person of commercial importance.
TOP OF THE PAGE
DUTY FREE SHOP - Shops at airports without customs duty
D/F- - Direction Finder
DEP- - Departure (Departure)
DEST- - Destination (Destination)
DFTI- - Distance from touchdown indicator
DLA- - Delay
DME- - Distance measuring Equipment
DSE- - Double side band
DIG- - Date Time Group ( Date and time group)
DUPE- - Duplication Second time (Repeated)
DVOR- - Doppler VOR Doppler VOR (Less Affected by Mania reflections, improved antenna system VOR)
EANPG- - European Air Navigation Planning Group (European Air Navigation Planning Group) Planning Group)
EAT- - Expected Approach Time
ECAC- - European Civil Aviation Conference
ECLIPSE 500 PRIVATE JET:
Its cabin was designed by BMW. 4 carries a maximum of 5 passengers. Eclipse 500 is one of the preferred personal jets among private planes. It is a silent twin-engine jet. The world's first twin-engine light business jet, Eclipse 500, 2011 factory price is 2,800,000 Turkish Liras. It is operational, economical (consumes 40 percent less fuel than its counterparts).
Eclipse 500 John Travolta, Ralf Schumacher etc. Used by 260 famous people.
ELEV- -el- Elevation
EMERG- - Emergency
ETA- - Estimated Time of Arrival
ETC- - Etcetera (and the rest, and soforth.) (Etc. (etc))
ETD- - Estimated Time of Departure
EUR- - European Region
EUROCONTROL - European Organization for the Safety of air 0Navigation (
FAA - Federal Aviation Administration
FAC - - Final approach course
FAF- - Final approach fix
FAP- - Final approach point
FIC- - Flight Information center
FDPS- - Flight Data Processing System (Flight information processing system)
FIR- - Flight Information Region
FIS- - Flight Information service
FL- - Flight Level
FM- - Frequency Modulation
FM- - Fan Marker (Fan Marker)
FUO- - Foreign object damage (Stone, bird, etc. in the Square PAT area)
FOD ( Foreign Object Damage )
FPL- - Filled Flight
FREO- - Frequency
FT- - Feet (Dimensional Unit) Feet (Measure)
FTC- - Fast Time Constant (Elc.) )
FANS- - Future Air Navigation
CUSTOMS STORAGE - Isolated halls used to apply the provisions of the customs legislation at the open airports of international flights to be inspected or detained in terms of the goods or other cargo, cargo and mail, or to receive or send all kinds of goods and materials to and from abroad, or are buildings.
CUSTOMS HALL - These are the isolated lounges at international airports where passengers are subjected to a declaration or control process in terms of customs legislation before entering and leaving.
GCA- - Ground controlled approach
GMT- - Greenwich Mean Time (Greenwich Mean Time (UTC))
GND- - Ground
GP- - Glide Path
GRP- - Group
GS- - Ground Speed
GST- - Glide Slope Intercept Altitude
HANGAR - Generally large buildings used in airports for maintenance, repair or storage of aircraft.
AIRPORT - These are the areas on land or water, which are arranged for the use of aircraft, including buildings, facilities and equipment, for landing, take-off and ground movements.
HAVAŞ - Airports Ground Services Inc. It is the organization that carries out ground handling services at airports.
HA- - Continuous day and night service
HAA- - Height above airport elevation
HAT- - Height above touchawn
HOG- - Heading (Direction)
HEL- - Helicopter (Helicopter)
HIPAR- - High Power acquisition radar (High-speed acquisition radar)
HOSP- - Hospital Aircraft
HR- - Hours
HS- - Service available during hours of scheduled operations
HX- - No specific working hours
COMPOSITE COATING - It is a mixed concrete and asphalt pavement of a runway.
CONVEYOR - These are the lanes that serve as mechanical carriers used by the passengers during check-in at the terminals, for the purpose of taking the luggage that will not be with the passenger to be placed on the aircraft, or to receive the luggage from the aircraft
IAC- - Initial Approach Course
IAF- - Initial Approach Fix
IAF- - Instrument approach and Landing Chart
IAS- - Indicated Airspeed is the speed it indicates))
IATA - Internatinol Air Transport Assocation (International Air Transport Association)
ICAA- - Internatinol Civil Airports Assocation (International Civil Airports Association)
ICAN- - International Commission for Air Navigation (International Air Navigation Committee)
ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization (International Civil Aviation Organization)
ID- - Identifier or Identify
IFALPA- - International Federation of Airlines Pilots
IFATCA- - International Federation Air Traffic Controllers Association
IFF- - Identification Friend / Foe
IFR- - Instrument Flight Rules ( Instrument Landing System )
IFRB- - International Frequency Registration Board
ILS- - Instrument Landing System
IM- - Inner Marker
IMC- - Instrument meteorological conditions
INA- - Initial Approach
INBD- - Inbound
INCERFA- - Uncertainity Phase
INFO- - Information
INOP- - Inoperative (Working, in effect)
INS- - Inertial Navigation System (The system that dispatches the aircraft determined)
IR- - Ice on Runway (There is snow on the runway)
ISA- - International Standard Atmosphore
ITU- - International Telecommunication Union ( International Telecommunication Union
L- - Left (Runway Identification)
LASER- - Light Aplification by Stimulated Emision of Radiation LAT-
LCA- - Lowest Coverage Altitude
LDA- - Landing Distance Available
LIDAR- - Light Detection and Ranging
LLZ- - Localizer (ICAO) (Localizer (ICAO)) LMT-
- Local Mean Time
LOC- - Localizer (FAA) (Localizer (FAA))
LCm- - Compass Locator at Outer Marker
LOPAR- - Low Power Acquisition Radar
LORAN- - Long Range Air Navigation System (Long Range Air Navigation System)
MAA- - Maximum Maximum authorized altitude (Maximum allowable altitude)
MAPT- - Missed Approach Point
MDA- - Minimum descent altitude (Minimum descent altitude)
METAR- - Aviation Routime Weather Report (Periodic (Routine) Weather report)
MES- - Microwave System (Microwave landing system)
MM- - Middle Marker (Middle marker)
MOCA- - Minimum obstruction clearence altitude (Minimum mania allowable altitude)
MODE- - Meteorogical Operational Telecomunications Network (Meteorological Information Exchange Communication Service)
MGL- - Mean Sea Level
MTBF- - Mean Time Between Failures
MTI- - Moving Target Indicator
TOP OF THE PAGE
NADGE- - NATO Air Defense Ground Envirenment (NATO Air Defense Ground Facilities ) )
NAMSA- - NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency
NAV- - Navigation
NAVAID- - Air Navigation Facility
NDB- Non-Directional radio Beacon
Ni-na- - Nautical Miles
NOF- - International NOTAM Office
NOTAM- - Notice to Airmen (Announcement to Aviators (announcement - information))
TOP OF THE PAGE
OVERFLIGHT FLIGHT - An aircraft's crossing of a country's airspace without landing anywhere
OM- - Outer Marker
OPR- - Operator or Operate or Operative or Operating or Operational
OPS- - Operations
O/R- - On request
ORB- - Orbit (Orbit)
PEAK DAY, PEAK HOUR - The highest number of passengers, aircraft, cargo, etc. processed per unit day or hour at an airport in a given period (usually a calendar year).
Runway - It is the rectangular shaped areas prepared for the landing and take-off of aircraft on a land square.
P- - Prohibited (Area)
PANS- - Procedures for air navigation services
PAPI- - Precision approach path indicator
PAR- - Precision Approach Radar radar)
PAT- - (Runway-Apron-Taxiway)
PCN- - Pavement Classification Number
PLN- - Flight Plan
PPI- - Plan Position Indicator
PSGR- - Passengers
PWR- - Power Q (QUEBEC)
QBI- - Compulsory IFR Flight QFE- - Atmospheric pressure at Aerodrome Elevation (Atmospheric pressure at airport altitude) QFU- - Magnetic Orientation of Runway QNH- - Altimeter Sub-scale Setting to obtain elevation when on the ground ( R (ROMEO) RIGHT - - Runway Identification (Right) R/T- - Receiver-Transmitter RAC- - Rules of Air and Air Traffic Services
RADAR- - Radio Detection and ranging (Radar)
RCC- - Rescue Co-ordination Center
RPL- - Repetitive Flight Plan
RRP- - Runway Reference Point ( Runway reference point)
RSC- - Rescue Sub-Centre
RSR- - En-Route Surveillance radar (Road control radar)
RVR- - Runway Visual range
RWY- - Runway
RNAV- - Area Navigation
FAST-SOUND AIRCRAFT/JETS: The historical development of these aircraft (bk supersonic jet), which can reach 2200 km per hour today, has been as follows.
1947 Bell X-1A test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first pilot to exceed the speed of sound in 1947.
1953 F-100 Super Saber The F-100 was the first mass-produced supersonic fighter jet.
1964 SR-71 Blackbird The fastest aircraft built, the SR-71, was used for reconnaissance.
1976 Concorde Anglo-French co-manufactured Concorde passenger aircraft enters service.
B-1B Lancer With its movable wings, supersonic speed, the B-1B broke new ground in aircraft design.
1992 Sukhoi-Gulfstream S-21 Russian-American project ended because no order could be received.
1998 Dassault Falcon SST The project was canceled because the engine with sufficient performance could not be found.
SSBJ and Aerion Two projects aim to make the dream come true this time.
SNACK BAR - It is a place reserved for the sale of ready-made food and beverages.
SAR- - Search and Rescue
SATKOM- - Satellite Communications
SELCAL- - Selective calling System
SHORAN- - Short Range Navigation
SHAPE- - Supreme Headquarter Allied Powers Europe
SIA- - Standard Instrument Arrival
SIAP- - Standard Instrument Approach Procedure
SID- - Standard Instrument Departure (Standard Instrument Departure)
SITA- - Airlines Worldwide Telecomunications and Information Services organization)
SNOWTAM- - Snow NOTAM
SOC- - Sector Operation Center
SONAR- - Sound navigation and Ranging
SOS- - Save our Souls (Distress signal in Morse communication)
SPL- - Supplementary Flight Plan message
SSR- - Secondary Surveillance Radar (Mutual MODE (KOT) Radar beacon working with sending and answering system)
STA- - Stright in Approach
STANAG- - Standardization Agreement
STAR- - Standard Instrument Arrival Route
STC- - Sensitivity Time Constant time constant)
STN- - Station (Station Communication, SSY etc.)
STOL- - Short Take-off and Landing (Short take-off and landing)
They are airplanes that can fly at a speed of 2,200 kilometers per hour. These private jets, which are three times faster than scheduled passenger planes, are designed for businessmen with their long ranges.
Except for the old Concordes and military jets, there are no aircraft that can fly above the speed of sound. Businessmen, the most important customers of Concordes, are in search today.
In fact, supersonic business jet work was done in 1991 in partnership with the American Gulfstream and Russian Sukhoi companies. The project called S-21 was canceled because it could not receive orders. In 1998, French business jet manufacturer Dassault launched the supersonic jet project. The biggest problem in the project was about the engine. All manufactured supersonic engines were designed for military jets. The need for frequent maintenance of military engines and excessive fuel consumption are the main obstacles.
At the 2012 NBAA Fair, the supersonic aircraft debate came to the fore again with two projects. On one side is Lockheed Martin. Lockheed, which has made its name known with projects such as the SR-71, which flies three times faster than sound, as well as military aircraft, and the F-117, which cannot be detected by the radar, wants to get a share from the market with the project it calls SSBJ. The aircraft has an inverted 'V' shaped tail structure.
Opposite Lockheed Martin is Boeing and Raytheon. Both companies have significant power and experience in the aviation industry, both in passenger planes and business jets. The project, called Aerion, aims to increase its speed 300 kilometers per hour, thanks to its short wings.
As of 2012, the price of the jet is 120 million Turkish Liras. The planes have 12 seats. Range
7,400 km. The development cost of supersonic business jets is $3 billion.
The biggest problem of supersonic planes is noise. The sound waves that occur when flying at a lower speed than sound propagate forward because they are faster than the aircraft. As the aircraft exceeds the speed of sound, the sound waves it makes begin to overlap.
The vibration increases too much due to the overlapping sound waves, creating high pressure. When the speed of sound, called Mach 1, reaches the limit of 340 meters per second, the aircraft overcomes these overlapping waves, that is, the sound barrier. Explosion sounds are heard during this transition.
Due to the noise, civilian supersonic aircraft are allowed to fly in places where there is no settlement such as the sea. Now, both companies aim to minimize noise with the changes they will make in the design of the aircraft.
The need for supersonic business jets by 2022 is between 250-300 aircraft. Largest customers: Shared aircraft service providers such as
NetJet SYCBL- - Serviceable (in service)
SX- - Simplex (Communication system that sends or receives simultaneously)
T- - Temperature
TACAN- - Tactical Air Navigation (Tactical air navigation)
TAF- - Tactical Air Force
TAXI - Movement of the aircraft on the ground
TAKSIRUT - Standard sized roads arranged for aircraft to travel between sections such as runways and aprons on the ground at an airport.
TAR- - Terminal Area Surveillance Radar (Terminal area monitoring radar)
TAS- - True Air Speed (True Air Speed)
TAX- - Taxiing or taxi (Rolling on the ground or taxi)
TDZ- - Touchdown Zone (Wheeling Zone)
TFC- - Traffic (Message traffic, aircraft traffic, etc.)
TMA- - Terminal control Area
TO- - Technical Order (Technical (Order), Instruction)
TODA- - Take of Distance Available (Running distance for take-off)
TTR- - Target Tracking Radar
TVOR- - Terminal VOR
TWR- - Aerodrome control Tower or Aerodrome control
TWY- - Taxiway
UAR- - Upper Air Route (Above 24500 ft)
UCA- - Upper Control Area (Up control area)