ABN- Aeredrome Beacon (Airport beacon)

ACC- Area control Center or Area control

ACFT-A/C Aircraft (Aircraft)

ACN - Aircraft Classification Number

AD- A/D Aedrome (Airport)

ADF - Automatic Direction-Finding equipment

ADIZ- Air Defense Identification Zone

ADNC - Air Defense Notification Center

ADR - Advisory Route (Recommended ) path)

ADS- Ads Air Defense Sector

ADZ- Adz Advise (Recommend)

AF- - Audio Frequency

AFB- - Air Force Base (Air Base)

AFC- - Automatic Frequency Control

AFIL- - Flight Plan Filled in the Air

AFIS- - Aerodrome Flight Information Service

AFIS- - Automated Flight Inspection System AFS-

- Aeronautical Fixed Service

AFI- - After

AFTN- - Aeronautical fixed Telecommunication Network

AGA- - Aerodrome, Air Rootes and Ground aids (Airport, airlines and ground aids)

AGL- - Above Ground Level AIC-

- Aeronautical Information Circular

AIP- - Aeronautical Information Publication

AIRAC- - Aeronautical Information Regulation and control

AIS- - Aeronautical Information services

ALERFA- - Alert Phase

ALS - - Approach Light System (Approach Light System)

APRON - These are the areas reserved for the parking of aircraft, fuel supply, unloading and loading operations and maintenance of passengers, cargo, mail and cargo at an airport.

APRON OFFICER: (Airfield Operation Assistant) Airport officer who regulates the parking positions of the landing aircraft, reports the aircraft that do not comply with the rules, and physically monitors the use of the apron.

DETAILED AREAS - These are the lounges where the passengers are taken after the declaration and control process in terms of customs legislation before entering and exiting at the airports open to international flights, and where the passengers coming from abroad and going to another airport of the same country or another country without entering the customs are taken before boarding the plane and are isolated as customs

. - -alt- Altitude

ALTN- - Alternate

AOC- - Air Operation Center

AP-A/P- - Airport

APP-App- - Approach Control Office or Approach Control ( Approach Control Office or approach control)

ARP- - Aerodrome Reference Point

ARR- - Arrival

ATA- - Actual Time of Arrival

ATC- - Air Traffic Control

ATCC- - Air Traffic Control Center

ATD- - Actual Time of Departure

ATFM- - Air Traffic Flow Management

ATFMU - - Air Traffic Flow Management Unit

ATN- - Aeronautical Telecommunication Network

ATS- - Air Traffic Services

AH- - Air Warning (Alarm) )

AHACS- - Airborne Warning and Control System

AWY- - Airway

AWOS- - Automatic Weather observation System



BCSI- - Broadcast

BDRY- - Boundary

BEA- - British European Airways



CAA- - Civil Aviation Authority

CAT- - Category , classification)

CAVOK- - Ceiling and Visibility OK (Meteorological ceiling and visibility)

CEAC- - Committee For European Airspace Coordination (European Airspace)

CIDIN- - Common ICAO Data Interchange Network ICAO (Common information exchange network)

CIV - - Civil

CL- - Center-line

CLSD- - Closed

CNL- - Cancel or Cancelled

COM- - Communication

COMINT- - Communication Intelligence

COP- - Change-Over Point

CPL- - Current Flight

CTR- - Control Zone

CNS- - Communications, Navigation and Surveillance

CAFE BAR - Section reserved for the sale of ready-to-eat food and beverages.
CHANGE OFFICE - These are the offices where foreign exchange transactions are made.
CHARTER TERMINAL - Terminal building reserved for passengers traveling on flights other than scheduled or regular flights.
CHECK-IN - It means that airline or ground handling company officers carry out ticket, baggage transactions and checks of passengers at Airport Terminals.
CHECK-IN CLOCK - Equipped desks at the terminals where passengers check-in.
CHECK-IN ROOMS - These are the sections where check-in (entrance) counters are located collectively at the terminals.
CIP PASSENGER: An important businessman, a person of commercial importance.



DUTY FREE SHOP - Shops at airports without customs duty

D/F- - Direction Finder

DEP- - Departure (Departure)

DEST- - Destination (Destination)

DFTI- - Distance from touchdown indicator

DLA- - Delay

DME- - Distance measuring Equipment

DSE- - Double side band

DIG- - Date Time Group ( Date and time group)

DUPE- - Duplication Second time (Repeated)

DVOR- - Doppler VOR Doppler VOR (Less Affected by Mania reflections, improved antenna system VOR)



EANPG- - European Air Navigation Planning Group (European Air Navigation Planning Group) Planning Group)

EAT- - Expected Approach Time

ECAC- - European Civil Aviation Conference


Its cabin was designed by BMW. 4 carries a maximum of 5 passengers. Eclipse 500 is one of the preferred personal jets among private planes. It is a silent twin-engine jet. The world's first twin-engine light business jet, Eclipse 500, 2011 factory price is 2,800,000 Turkish Liras. It is operational, economical (consumes 40 percent less fuel than its counterparts).

Eclipse 500 John Travolta, Ralf Schumacher etc. Used by 260 famous people.

ELEV- -el- Elevation

EMERG- - Emergency

ETA- - Estimated Time of Arrival

ETC- - Etcetera (and the rest, and soforth.) (Etc. (etc))

ETD- - Estimated Time of Departure

EUR- - European Region

EUROCONTROL - European Organization for the Safety of air 0Navigation (



FAA - Federal Aviation Administration

FAC - - Final approach course

FAF- - Final approach fix

FAP- - Final approach point

FIC- - Flight Information center

FDPS- - Flight Data Processing System (Flight information processing system)

FIR- - Flight Information Region

FIS- - Flight Information service

FL- - Flight Level

FM- - Frequency Modulation

FM- - Fan Marker (Fan Marker)

FUO- - Foreign object damage (Stone, bird, etc. in the Square PAT area)

FOD ( Foreign Object Damage )

FPL- - Filled Flight

FREO- - Frequency

FT- - Feet (Dimensional Unit) Feet (Measure)

FTC- - Fast Time Constant (Elc.) )

FANS- - Future Air Navigation


CUSTOMS STORAGE - Isolated halls used to apply the provisions of the customs legislation at the open airports of international flights to be inspected or detained in terms of the goods or other cargo, cargo and mail, or to receive or send all kinds of goods and materials to and from abroad, or are buildings.
CUSTOMS HALL - These are the isolated lounges at international airports where passengers are subjected to a declaration or control process in terms of customs legislation before entering and leaving.

GCA- - Ground controlled approach

GMT- - Greenwich Mean Time (Greenwich Mean Time (UTC))

GND- - Ground

GP- - Glide Path

GRP- - Group

GS- - Ground Speed

​​GST- - Glide Slope Intercept Altitude


HANGAR - Generally large buildings used in airports for maintenance, repair or storage of aircraft.
AIRPORT - These are the areas on land or water, which are arranged for the use of aircraft, including buildings, facilities and equipment, for landing, take-off and ground movements.
HAVAŞ - Airports Ground Services Inc. It is the organization that carries out ground handling services at airports.

HA- - Continuous day and night service

HAA- - Height above airport elevation

HAT- - Height above touchawn

HOG- - Heading (Direction)

HEL- - Helicopter (Helicopter)

HIPAR- - High Power acquisition radar (High-speed acquisition radar)

HOSP- - Hospital Aircraft

HR- - Hours

HS- - Service available during hours of scheduled operations

HX- - No specific working hours

COMPOSITE COATING - It is a mixed concrete and asphalt pavement of a runway.
CONVEYOR - These are the lanes that serve as mechanical carriers used by the passengers during check-in at the terminals, for the purpose of taking the luggage that will not be with the passenger to be placed on the aircraft, or to receive the luggage from the aircraft


IAC- - Initial Approach Course

IAF- - Initial Approach Fix

IAF- - Instrument approach and Landing Chart

IAS- - Indicated Airspeed is the speed it indicates))

IATA - Internatinol Air Transport Assocation (International Air Transport Association)

ICAA- - Internatinol Civil Airports Assocation (International Civil Airports Association)

ICAN- - International Commission for Air Navigation (International Air Navigation Committee)

ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization (International Civil Aviation Organization)

ID- - Identifier or Identify

IFALPA- - International Federation of Airlines Pilots

IFATCA- - International Federation Air Traffic Controllers Association

IFF- - Identification Friend / Foe

IFR- - Instrument Flight Rules ( Instrument Landing System )

IFRB- - International Frequency Registration Board

ILS- - Instrument Landing System

IM- - Inner Marker

IMC- - Instrument meteorological conditions

INA- - Initial Approach

INBD- - Inbound

INCERFA- - Uncertainity Phase

INFO- - Information

INOP- - Inoperative (Working, in effect)

INS- - Inertial Navigation System (The system that dispatches the aircraft determined)

IR- - Ice on Runway (There is snow on the runway)

ISA- - International Standard Atmosphore

ITU- - International Telecommunication Union ( International Telecommunication Union




L- - Left (Runway Identification)

LASER- - Light Aplification by Stimulated Emision of Radiation LAT-

- Latitude

LCA- - Lowest Coverage Altitude

LDA- - Landing Distance Available

LIDAR- - Light Detection and Ranging

LLZ- - Localizer (ICAO) (Localizer (ICAO)) LMT-

- Local Mean Time

LOC- - Localizer (FAA) (Localizer (FAA))

LCm- - Compass Locator at Outer Marker

LOPAR- - Low Power Acquisition Radar

LORAN- - Long Range Air Navigation System (Long Range Air Navigation System)


MAA- - Maximum Maximum authorized altitude (Maximum allowable altitude)

MAPT- - Missed Approach Point

MDA- - Minimum descent altitude (Minimum descent altitude)

METAR- - Aviation Routime Weather Report (Periodic (Routine) Weather report)

MES- - Microwave System (Microwave landing system)

MM- - Middle Marker (Middle marker)

MOCA- - Minimum obstruction clearence altitude (Minimum mania allowable altitude)

MODE- - Meteorogical Operational Telecomunications Network (Meteorological Information Exchange Communication Service)

MGL- - Mean Sea Level

MTBF- - Mean Time Between Failures

MTI- - Moving Target Indicator



NADGE- - NATO Air Defense Ground Envirenment (NATO Air Defense Ground Facilities ) )

NAMSA- - NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency

NAV- - Navigation

NAVAID- - Air Navigation Facility

NDB- Non-Directional radio Beacon

Ni-na- - Nautical Miles

NOF- - International NOTAM Office

NOTAM- - Notice to Airmen (Announcement to Aviators (announcement - information))



OVERFLIGHT FLIGHT - An aircraft's crossing of a country's airspace without landing anywhere

OM- - Outer Marker

OPR- - Operator or Operate or Operative or Operating or Operational

OPS- - Operations

O/R- - On request

ORB- - Orbit (Orbit)



PEAK DAY, PEAK HOUR - The highest number of passengers, aircraft, cargo, etc. processed per unit day or hour at an airport in a given period (usually a calendar year).
Runway - It is the rectangular shaped areas prepared for the landing and take-off of aircraft on a land square.

P- - Prohibited (Area)

PANS- - Procedures for air navigation services

PAPI- - Precision approach path indicator

PAR- - Precision Approach Radar radar)

PAT- - (Runway-Apron-Taxiway)

PCN- - Pavement Classification Number

PLN- - Flight Plan

PPI- - Plan Position Indicator

PSGR- - Passengers

PWR- - Power Q (QUEBEC)

QBI- - Compulsory IFR Flight QFE- - Atmospheric pressure at Aerodrome Elevation (Atmospheric pressure at airport altitude) QFU- - Magnetic Orientation of Runway QNH- - Altimeter Sub-scale Setting to obtain elevation when on the ground ( R (ROMEO) RIGHT - - Runway Identification (Right) R/T- - Receiver-Transmitter RAC- - Rules of Air and Air Traffic Services

RADAR- - Radio Detection and ranging (Radar)

RCC- - Rescue Co-ordination Center

RPL- - Repetitive Flight Plan

RRP- - Runway Reference Point ( Runway reference point)

RSC- - Rescue Sub-Centre

RSR- - En-Route Surveillance radar (Road control radar)

RVR- - Runway Visual range

RWY- - Runway

RNAV- - Area Navigation


FAST-SOUND AIRCRAFT/JETS: The historical development of these aircraft (bk supersonic jet), which can reach 2200 km per hour today, has been as follows.

1947 Bell X-1A test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first pilot to exceed the speed of sound in 1947.

1953 F-100 Super Saber The F-100 was the first mass-produced supersonic fighter jet.

1964 SR-71 Blackbird The fastest aircraft built, the SR-71, was used for reconnaissance.

1976 Concorde Anglo-French co-manufactured Concorde passenger aircraft enters service.

B-1B Lancer With its movable wings, supersonic speed, the B-1B broke new ground in aircraft design.

1992 Sukhoi-Gulfstream S-21 Russian-American project ended because no order could be received.

1998 Dassault Falcon SST The project was canceled because the engine with sufficient performance could not be found.

SSBJ and Aerion Two projects aim to make the dream come true this time.

SNACK BAR - It is a place reserved for the sale of ready-made food and beverages.

SAR- - Search and Rescue

SATKOM- - Satellite Communications

SELCAL- - Selective calling System

SHORAN- - Short Range Navigation

SHAPE- - Supreme Headquarter Allied Powers Europe

SIA- - Standard Instrument Arrival

SIAP- - Standard Instrument Approach Procedure

SID- - Standard Instrument Departure (Standard Instrument Departure)

SITA- - Airlines Worldwide Telecomunications and Information Services organization)


SOC- - Sector Operation Center

SONAR- - Sound navigation and Ranging

SOS- - Save our Souls (Distress signal in Morse communication)

SPL- - Supplementary Flight Plan message

SSR- - Secondary Surveillance Radar (Mutual MODE (KOT) Radar beacon working with sending and answering system)

STA- - Stright in Approach

STANAG- - Standardization Agreement

STAR- - Standard Instrument Arrival Route

STC- - Sensitivity Time Constant time constant)

STN- - Station (Station Communication, SSY etc.)

STOL- - Short Take-off and Landing (Short take-off and landing)


They are airplanes that can fly at a speed of 2,200 kilometers per hour. These private jets, which are three times faster than scheduled passenger planes, are designed for businessmen with their long ranges.

Except for the old Concordes and military jets, there are no aircraft that can fly above the speed of sound. Businessmen, the most important customers of Concordes, are in search today.
In fact, supersonic business jet work was done in 1991 in partnership with the American Gulfstream and Russian Sukhoi companies. The project called S-21 was canceled because it could not receive orders. In 1998, French business jet manufacturer Dassault launched the supersonic jet project. The biggest problem in the project was about the engine. All manufactured supersonic engines were designed for military jets. The need for frequent maintenance of military engines and excessive fuel consumption are the main obstacles.

At the 2012 NBAA Fair, the supersonic aircraft debate came to the fore again with two projects. On one side is Lockheed Martin. Lockheed, which has made its name known with projects such as the SR-71, which flies three times faster than sound, as well as military aircraft, and the F-117, which cannot be detected by the radar, wants to get a share from the market with the project it calls SSBJ. The aircraft has an inverted 'V' shaped tail structure.


Opposite Lockheed Martin is Boeing and Raytheon. Both companies have significant power and experience in the aviation industry, both in passenger planes and business jets. The project, called Aerion, aims to increase its speed 300 kilometers per hour, thanks to its short wings.

As of 2012, the price of the jet is 120 million Turkish Liras. The planes have 12 seats. Range

7,400 km. The development cost of supersonic business jets is $3 billion.

The biggest problem of supersonic planes is noise. The sound waves that occur when flying at a lower speed than sound propagate forward because they are faster than the aircraft. As the aircraft exceeds the speed of sound, the sound waves it makes begin to overlap.

The vibration increases too much due to the overlapping sound waves, creating high pressure. When the speed of sound, called Mach 1, reaches the limit of 340 meters per second, the aircraft overcomes these overlapping waves, that is, the sound barrier. Explosion sounds are heard during this transition.

Due to the noise, civilian supersonic aircraft are allowed to fly in places where there is no settlement such as the sea. Now, both companies aim to minimize noise with the changes they will make in the design of the aircraft.

The need for supersonic business jets by 2022 is between 250-300 aircraft. Largest customers: Shared aircraft service providers such as

NetJet SYCBL- - Serviceable (in service)

SX- - Simplex (Communication system that sends or receives simultaneously)


T- - Temperature

TACAN- - Tactical Air Navigation (Tactical air navigation)

TAF- - Tactical Air Force

TAXI - Movement of the aircraft on the ground
TAKSIRUT - Standard sized roads arranged for aircraft to travel between sections such as runways and aprons on the ground at an airport.

TAR- - Terminal Area Surveillance Radar (Terminal area monitoring radar)

TAS- - True Air Speed ​​(True Air Speed)

TAX- - Taxiing or taxi (Rolling on the ground or taxi)

TDZ- - Touchdown Zone (Wheeling Zone)

TFC- - Traffic (Message traffic, aircraft traffic, etc.)

TMA- - Terminal control Area

TO- - Technical Order (Technical (Order), Instruction)

TODA- - Take of Distance Available (Running distance for take-off)

TTR- - Target Tracking Radar

TVOR- - Terminal VOR

TWR- - Aerodrome control Tower or Aerodrome control

TWY- - Taxiway


UAR- - Upper Air Route (Above 24500 ft)

UCA- - Upper Control Area (Up control area)